A journal dedicated to truth, freedom of speech and radical spiritual consciousness. Our mission is the liberation of men and women from oppression, violence and abuse of any kind, interpersonal, political, religious, economic, psychosexual. We believe as Fidel Castro said, "The weapon of today is not guns but consciousness."
Tonight on Just Peace we will talk with Jane Landers of
Vanderbilt University. In the aftermath of the tragic killing of nine
members of the Emanuel AME Church last Wednesday, June 17, tonight we on
Just Peace will talk about South Carolina and its history. While there
is, of course, much focus right now on the Emanuel AME member Denmark
Vessey who, in 1822, had planned a slave rebellion, we will go one
century earlier to Francisco Menendez - a West African Mandingo slave
in South Carolina. Menendez escaped to Spanish controlled Florida in
the early 1700's for his freedom. His life and career are remarkable.
is some basic information about South Carolina's unique role in the
slavery which, as stated, is "different from anywhere else in America".
The brief summary is from the International African American Museum:
Slavery in South Carolina was different from anywhere else in America:
Over 40% of all enslaved Africans to the U.S. came in through Charleston
Population ratios could be as high as 9 enslaved persons to 1 white resident in the Lowcountry
Enslaved persons comprised nearly 50% of Charleston's population before the Civil War
Today, nearly 80% of African Americans could potentially trace an ancestor who was brought through Charleston.
South Carolina was the only state founded exclusively as a slave colony.
exclusively as a slave colony, South Carolina quickly grew to have the
highest ratio of enslaved persons to free whites of any mainland colony,
or later, state.
the years preceding the Civil War, enslaved people comprised about half
of Charleston's inhabitants. Population ratios in the Lowcountry were
even more extreme, where some areas had 9 slaves to every 1 white
order to maintain control over the enslaved population, slave laws and
methods of punishment were harsher in South Carolina than elsewhere in
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