Saturday, January 3, 2015

Historian John Hope Franklin--From Slavery to Freedom

John Hope Franklin, Historian and Author, was born in Rentiesville, Oklahoma January 2, 1915.
John H. Franklin earned his Bachelor of Arts degree from Fisk University in 1935 and his Master of Arts degree and Ph. D. in History from Harvard University in 1936 and 1941, respectively.
In the early 1950s, he served on the NAACP Legal Defense Fund team that helped develop the sociological case for Brown v. Board of Education.

John H. Franklin’s teaching career began at Fisk University. From 1947 to 1956, he taught at Howard University and from 1956 to 1964 served as chair of the history department at Brooklyn College, the first person of color to head a major history department. From 1964 to 1968, Franklin was a Professor of History at the University of Chicago and chair of the department from 1967 to 1970. In 1983, he was appointed the James B. Duke Professor of History at Duke University.

John H. Franklin published his autobiography, “Mirror to America: The Autobiography of John Hope Franklin,” in 2005. In it he said “My challenge was to weave into the fabric of American history enough of the presence of Blacks so that the story of the United States could be told adequately and fairly.”

John H. Franklin authored numerous other books, including “The Free Negro in North Carolina, 1790-1860” (1943) and “Racial Equality in America” (1976). In 1976, the National Endowment for the Humanities selected Franklin for the Jefferson Lecture, the federal government’s highest honor for achievement in the humanities.

On September 29, 1995, Franklin was presented the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation’s highest civilian honor, by President William Clinton.

Other honors and awards include the Charles Frankel Prize in 1993, the NAACP Spingarn Medal in 1995, and the John W. Kluge Prize in 2006 for lifetime achievement in the study of humanity.
John Hope Franklin began his transition March 25, 2009.
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1 comment:

  1. We should be demanding reparations for centuries of free labor , the" europeeon" pig powers bled Africans like wild animal for 400 years and should pay us reparations for free labor. You look around today and you see Black people from Brazil, Panama and the US and other latin countries with a substantial Black population. There is one thing they all have in common and that is poverty ,Blacks are on the lower end of the economic and social class. They are the discarded people in these societies. Brazilian Blacks are finally coming to terms with their identity. We know its tough to be Black in a society that associates you with poverty ,violence and mis education.

    Brazilians and many people in a Latin country could give you over a 100 definitions of self not to say the word Black . Their premier soccer player dyes his hair blond and says he's not Black , they are working on their identity in Latin countries. US Blacks have had a head start in that department, they also suffered the same color psychosis that plaques Brazil and countries throughout Latin Amerika. It took decades but many US Blacks are turning the corner on identity. You cannot be free if you don't know who you are! Up you might People as Marcus Garvey would say. People in Latin countries should read Marcus Garvey, historians like John Henrik Clarke,and John Hope Franklin. Yes Malcolm is important but these men were the guiding light for men like Malcolm, they were his teachers.You can't talk about MALCOLM UNLESS YOU UNDERSTAND FROM WHENCE HE CAME. You're driving the car before you understand the traffic signals.